Fruits and Nuts at a Glance

These pages contain short, concise descriptions and information on growing various fruits and nuts in the Klamath-Trinity region.

Apples are the most diverse and widely adapted of all temperate fruits – they can be grown in applebasket2.jpgalmost every climate region of the country.  Here in the US most commercial apples are bred to ripen evenly and withstand shipping and storing.  All too often the result is mediocre fruit that does little to inspire.   In Europe, on the other hand, where many of our varieties originated, small growers produce a wide variety of fruit for local markets, their diversity is staggering.  The flavors and subtleties of apples are discussed with the same vocabulary and passion as wine is among wine connoisseurs.   Apples vary tremendously in their color, texture, acid-sugar balance, density of flesh, juiciness, keeping qualities, fragrance, aftertaste and eye appeal.   They can be used for cooking, juice or hard cider, baking or fresh eating.  Some need to be eaten right off the tree, others will store for months. 

 Apples and heat - If daytime temperatures are consistently above 85 degrees for the three weeks prior to harvest then many apple varieties will suffer sunscald and bitterpit (calcium deficiency in the fruit itself, not necessarily in the tree or the soil, resulting in spotting and corky lesions, fruit drop before ripening, mushy apples and poor storability).  Low elevations in Sunset zone 14 of the Klamath-Trinity region can experience hot afternoons above 85 degrees well into late September, sometimes even into October.  If you live in this zone we recommend using one or all of these three strategies - 1) Plant late varieties that ripen several weeks after this temperature spike.  2) Plant your apples where they are not subject to hot, late afternoon sun.  3) Choose heat tolerant apple varieties.  Varieties known to be heat tolerant in our region include Gala, Ginger Gold, Ashmeads Kernal, Freyberg, Golden Delicious, Jonathan, Spigold, Winesap, Fuji, Hauer, Arkansas Black and Granny Smith.  Mutsu will incur some bitterpit spots but still yields a high amount of good fruit.  The following varieties are listed as heat tolerant but we have no direct experience with them: Grimes Golden, Keepsake, Wisckson Crab, Orleans, Kandil Sinap, Sturmer, Tydeman Late Orange, York.  

Apples at a Glance

Climate Zones:

All Sunset Zones of Klamath-Trinity.  Heat resistant varieties recommended for Sunset Zone 14, see description.

 

Pollination:

Require a pollenizer.  Some other varieties are pollen sterile and will not pollenize other apples.  See Pollination Chart & descriptions.

 

Rootstocks:

Bud 9 or Pajam Dwarf

M7A Semi-dwarf

M111 Semi-standard

 
 

Height:

6-10'

8-15'

15-22'

 

Width:

6-10'

8-15'

12-20'

 

Years to Fruit:

1 to 3

2 to 3

3 to 4

 

Life Expectancy:

20 yrs +

35 yrs +

60 yrs +

 

Yield Mature:

60 LB

80-100 LB

160-200 LB